Glossary

Carbon footprint: is a measure in units of the total amount of greenhouse gases that are emitted due to human activity.

Closed loop design: is when a product is designed to have another function after its use, thereby eliminating all waste. In this way, a used product’s output becomes the input for a new product or function.

Clothing banks: are garment recycling collection stations put up in a community, often by a charitable organisation, where consumers can recycle their used clothing.

Clothing drives: are events where unwanted clothing is collected and often donated to charity or sold to raise funds for charity.

CO2 emissions: is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released from fossil fuels into the atmosphere.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): is a voluntary initiative by companies to reduce the negative social and environmental impacts of their businesses.

Cradle to cradle: is a closed loop design process that is free of waste. When a product is no longer useful, it becomes material for another product.

Cut-and-sew waste: is excess textile from the cutting and sewing phase of garment manufacturing. It is often considered waste and is discarded due to its uneven and small formats.

Damaged textiles: are unfinished textile products that have been damaged, for example colour or print defects.

Down-cycling: is to recycle a material into something of lower quality.

Eco: is a prefix for ecology and usually refers to ecological concerns or benefits.

Eco-chic: is something that is environmentally conscious as well as being stylish.

Eco-labeling: are environmental claims made on a product or through advertising using certifications, standards, logos, symbols or certain strong types of sustainability vocabulary.

End-of-rolls: are factory surplus textiles that have been leftover from garment manufacturing.

Fast fashion: is a term that refers to low-cost, low-quality clothing that has been (RAPIDLY?) produced to replicate catwalk trends.

Greenhouse gas: is a gas in the atmosphere that absorbs infrared radiation and traps heat inside the atmosphere, thereby contributing to the greenhouse effect.

Greenhouse effect: the trapping of the sun’s warmth in a planet’s lower atmosphere due to the presence of gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, which allow incoming sunlight to pass through them but absorb heat radiated back from the earth’s surface.

Green-washing: is a term given to misleading, exaggerated or untrue claims about a product’s environmental benefits that are given to consumers.

Life cycle: is the resource extraction, manufacture, distribution, use, disposal and recycling of a product.

Pesticides: are chemical or biological agents used to kill or destroy any type of pests or insects. In the fashion industry, conventionally grown cotton uses various pesticides, which have damaging effects to humans and wildlife.

Post-consumer waste: is waste collected after the consumer has disposed of it.

Pre-consumer waste: is manufacturing waste that has not reached the consumer.

Reconstruction: the process of making new clothes from previously worn garments or preformed products.

Recyclable: is a material that can be reused and turned into a new usable material or product.

Reduce, reuse, and recycle: are the so-called 3Rs that classify waste management, according to their order of importance. Reduce your consumption and usage, reuse items again and recycle materials.

Secondhand clothing and secondhand textiles: are clothing, fashion accessories and textiles that have been used and discarded by consumers.

Supply chain: are the steps and resources involved in moving a product from raw material to consumer.

Sustainability: is a lasting system and process that meets the current population’s needs while preserving for the future.

Sustainable fashion: is clothing that is produced with respect to the environment and social impacts throughout its lifespan.

Sustainable textile: is a textile that is produced with minimal environmental impact.

Swap/Swish: is the free exchange of garments between people. It is a form of direct recycling through swapping of unwanted garments.

Textile recycling: is reusing or reprocessing used clothing, fibrous material and/or textile scraps from the manufacturing process.

Textile waste: is the textile by-products of the manufacturing of garments, fabrics, yarns or fibres that are deemed unusable for its original purpose by the owner.

Transparent: is being open and honest about your business practices.

Triple bottom line: is a term that refers to a system that some companies use where ‘people, planet, profit’ are considered beyond their financial outcomes.

Up-cycling: is the recycling of a material into a product of higher quality.

Zero-waste: is a design technique that eliminates textile waste at the design stage.